The Prophetic Picture in Pentecost

The Prophetic Picture in Pentecost

As you probably know, much of the Christian church will observe, or at least acknowledge, Pentecost this weekend. Growing up in a liturgical church, I heard the term “Pentecost” quite a bit each spring, thanks to the important role this Feast plays in the Book of Acts. But I had only a fuzzy idea of what it was about.

In fact, like the rest of the Feasts, Pentecost gives us a stunning prophetic picture. Stick with me… 🙂

Shavuot / Pentecost: The Fourth Feast

Pentecost is the Greek name for Shavuot, which is the fourth of the seven Feasts of the Lord (Divine Appointments, or moedim מוּאדם) introduced in the Torah, the Law of Moses. This post continues my Divine Appointments: Insights from God’s Calendar series, which focuses on those Feasts of the Lord.

I’ve also got a resource that summarizes the Feasts in a nutshell, if you’re interested:

Shavuot / Pentecost comes fifty days after the third Feast, which we call the Feast of Firstfruits, which is tightly clustered with Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Firstfruits was the feast on which Yeshua’s resurrection occurred.

Shavuot was one of the three pilgrim feasts, meaning that all Jewish males were required to present themselves in Jerusalem. Which explains why Jerusalem was filled with “devout men from every nation under heaven” in Acts 2:5, and why Paul was rushing to reach Jerusalem in time for the Feast in Acts 20:16.

In Jewish tradition, Shavuot commemorates the day God revealed His law to His people and they covenanted to obey it. (Ex 24:7) To be set apart for Him. In the ancient Talmud,

  • Passover commemorates the physical redemption of the children of Israel from bondage in Egypt. Shavuot commemorates their spiritual redemption through the inauguration of the Mosaic covenant.
  • Passover is considered to represent the time of betrothal between God and Israel. Shavuot is their wedding day.

Spectacular Parallels of Pentecost

But as always, these shadows and copies in the Hebrew Scriptures find deeper expression in the new covenant!

Please excuse me while my engineer shows for a minute.

Passover and Pentecost: Parallels Between Covenants

Aren’t these parallels amazing? To me, God’s Feasts always demonstrate how unquestionably He is God!

God delivered a people out of Egypt, but it was through the commandments that He established a nation, a community set apart unto Himself through whom the world would see the one true God. – Rabbi Jonathan Bernis

Similarly, through His death and resurrection Yeshua delivered His people from sin. But it took His gift of the Holy Spirit to make us His body, His church.

Firstfruits Celebrations All Summer

In Torah, Shavuot was a harvest festival, where the firstfruits of the wheat harvest were presented in the Temple.

But wait… firstfruits? Didn’t we do the Feast of Firstfruits seven weeks ago?

That’s a telling point. Yes, seven weeks ago we talked the Feast of Firstfruits. But that Feast was for the barley harvest. Shavuot was for the wheat.

In fact the Hebrew spring and summer involved a procession of firstfruits (ביכורים—bikkurim) celebrations, which would go on until the “Feast of Ingathering” (Tabernacles).

  • Firstfruits of the Barley Harvest.
    There was a featured “wave offering”: A sheaf of barley was waved before the altar.
    The symbolism? Very clear!
    “The priest was to wave the sheaf before [the Lord], i.e., to present it symbolically to [the Lord] by the ceremony of waving, without burning any of it upon the altar.”
    Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
    This wave offering of the first fruits was another picture of Messiah! Our Lord’s offering was pure and undefiled. Nothing needed to be consumed on the altar before He could ascend to the Father. And to drive the point home: “…And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the sheaf, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to the Lord.” (Lev 23:12)

“But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.” (1 Cor 15:20)


  • Firstfruits of the Wheat Harvest.
    The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot or Pentecost) came seven weeks later. Again, there was a featured “wave offering”: Two baked, leavened wheat loaves.
    The symbolism?
    The Jewish sages are stumped here, as this is the only time leavened bread was used in the Temple! But for followers of Yeshua, this is also clear.
    “In the New Testament, wheat is symbolic of souls. Yeshua’s parables are rich with illustrations comparing the gathering of wheat with the salvation of souls…. These two loaves represent the Body of Messiah, which has sin. Why two loaves? The Body of Messiah is comprised of Jew and Gentile together, which is the fulfillment of Shavuot.” – Rabbi Jonathan Bernis

For He Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation [between the courts in the Temple], having abolished in His flesh the enmity… so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace, and that He might reconcile them both to God in one body through the cross….” (Eph 2:14-16)

To me, the emergence of Messianic Judaism and this “one new man” is one of the most exciting things God is doing in our day! 

But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep…. But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christ’s at His coming. Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power. (1 Cor 15:20,23-24)

Do you see it? This is so exciting! Just like there’s an order to these presentations of firstfruits, there’s an order to the resurrections. Christ first, as symbolized in the waving of the (unleavened) sheaf and the sacrifice of the (unblemished) lamb at the third feast. Then His body, as symbolized in the waving of the two leavened loaves at Shavuot!

Pentecost | Two Leavened Loaves

This is one of the key reasons some scholars believe the Rapture will occur at Shavuot. With everything going on in the middle east right now, in Israel’s eighth decade, with the Ezekiel 38 war threatening, could this be the year?

Of course it could. We’ve been put on alert in so many ways. Here’s my personal top four list.

But regarding this business of firstfruits, we’re not done…

  • Bikkurim of Individual Crops. After Shavuot, throughout the growing season, farmers from the villages would stream into Jerusalem, bringing first fruits of their individual crops to the Temple as per Deut 18:4: grain and fruit (fresh or dried), and even wool from their sheep.

The mitzvah of bikkurim (first fruits) began when a farmer in Israel (and some of the surrounding areas) would go out to his field and find budding fruit, and tie a reed around them, verbally declaring them “first fruits.”… Wealthy people would use trays of gold and silver, and simple folk would use baskets of grass and reeds…. Villagers of each region would gather [periodically] in a central town…. An ox with horns coated in gold would lead the procession, a crown of olive branches on its head…. A flute was played before the procession until it approached Jerusalem…. All of the artisans in Jerusalem would stand and greet them: “Our brethren, the inhabitants of so-and-so, you have come in peace.”

Seven Species of the LandThe seven species of ancient Israel.
Barley, wheat, grapes, figs,
pomegranates, olives, dates–all
would be presented in the Temple
as “bikkurim.” (Stamps from 1958)

And this is also exciting! If the waving of the first fruits of the barley harvest represents Christ’s resurrection, and the waving of the twin loaves at Shavuot represents our resurrection, whose resurrection do these first fruits of the other crops represent?

Check this out:

Then I looked, and behold, a Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His Father’s name written on their foreheads…. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These were redeemed from among men, being firstfruits to God and to the Lamb. (Rev 14:1,4)

These 144,000 Jewish tribulation saints have been marked, like the crops for the bikkurim observance, and stand in the heavenly Temple as firstfruits.

We see them twice. The first time, they are accompanied by the “great multitude” of tribulation saints “which no one could number, of all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, with palm branches in their hands…” (Rev 7:9).

Here’s what strikes me. These saints who come out of the tribulation–the 144,000 and the “great multitude”–are the mid-summer firstfruits.

Summer Fruit

Ella Olsson

The procession of firstfruits offerings ended prior to the Feast of Tabernacles, also called the Feast of Ingathering. At that point all of the harvest had been gathered in. (“…the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you have gathered in the fruit of your labors from the field.” Ex 23:16.)

So look at this parallel. What happens in Revelation 14, pretty much immediately after we see the 144,000 for the second time, now standing on Mount Zion with the Lamb (Rev 14:1)? Answer: the “harvest of the earth” (Rev 14:16).

Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and on the cloud sat One like the Son of Man, having on His head a golden crown, and in His hand a sharp sickle. And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud, “Thrust in Your sickle and reap, for the time has come for You to reap, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” So He who sat on the cloud thrust in His sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped….

And another angel came out from the altar, who had power over fire, and he cried with a loud cry to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Thrust in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for her grapes are fully ripe.” So the angel thrust his sickle into the earth and gathered the vine of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. (Rev 14:14-19)

To put it a little differently, after the 144,000 Jewish tribulation saints appear as “firstfruits” with the Lamb in the heavenly Temple on Mount Zion, the Ingathering begins.

So here’s the picture:

  • Feast of Firstfruits–sheaf of barley as a “wave offering”–symbolism is Yeshua’s resurrection and ascension.
  • Shavuot–two unleavened loaves as a “wave offering”–symbolism is “the one new man.”
  • Firstfruits coming into the Temple throughout the summer–perhaps symbolizing the 144,000 and tribulation saints, who are marked and removed before…
  • The Fall Feasts, which include Yom Kippur, the day when judgment is rendered, and terminate with the “Feast of Ingathering” (Tabernacles), a joyful celebration once the great harvest is in.

So Pentecost is a picture of our blessed hope!

…looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ… (Titus 2:13)

For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. (1 Thes 4:15-17)

A Tragic Reaping

This episode with marking and separating the righteous prior to a period of harvest recalls another tragic passage in scripture. In Ezekiel 8, the prophet is given a vision of men and women, even the very elders of the house of Israel,” given over to idolatry. The Lord declared His people had filled the land with violence (חָמָ֗ס–hamas)–yes, those are the same words used in Genesis 6:11 before the flood.

What happened next in Ezekiel’s vision?

Now the glory of the God of Israel had gone up from the cherub, where it had been, to the threshold of the temple. And He called to the man clothed with linen, who had the writer’s inkhorn at his side; and the Lord said to him, “Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who sigh and cry over all the abominations that are done within it. To the others He said in my hearing, “Go after him through the city and kill; do not let your eye spare, nor have any pity. Utterly slay old and young men, maidens and little children and women; but do not come near anyone on whom is the mark….” (Ezek 9:3-6)

As in the book of Revelation, the righteous remnant was marked prior to the reaping, which in this case was the siege and destruction of Jerusalem.

Pentecost: A Sheaf Marked as Firstfruits

But as we’ve seen again and again, what happens in the Hebrew Scriptures foreshadows events in our age. “As in the days of Noah” (Luke 17:26, Gen 6:11), and as in Ezekiel’s day, the earth today is filled with violence–חָמָ֗ס–Hamas! I am sadly confident we haven’t heard the last of Hamas, and of the nations raging against God and against His redemptive plan for “the holy hill of Zion.” (Ps 2:6)

“Sixty years ago when I first started preaching, you had to scratch around like a chicken to find one sign of the Lord’s soon return. But today there are so many signs I’m no longer looking for them. Instead, I’m listening for a sound—the sound of a trumpet!”
– Elbert Peak at a Bible prophecy conference in the early 1990’s, as quoted by David Reagan

Brothers and sisters, come to Yeshua for salvation NOW, before the tragic reaping. While you can still meet Him in the air as a “firstfruit offering”!

He stands at the door and knocks! (Rev 3:20)

Would you rather meet Him as Kinsman Redeemer or as Righteous Judge?

Pentecost | Five Minutes to Midnight


If you’ve never opened God’s free gift of salvation through Jesus (Rom 3:23, 6:23), please please please be persuaded to do it now! It’s simple. Just tell God from your heart that you admit you’re a sinner that needs a Savior (“For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.” Rom 3:23) that you’re done running your own life, and that you’re ready to make Jesus Lord of your life.

If you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you shall be saved. For with the heart a person believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation. For the Scripture says, “Whoever believes in Him will not be disappointed.” (Rom 10:9-11)

The decision that saves you is that simple!

Simple… But no one said living it out will be easy. Especially now.


  1. BETH THORNTON says:

    Thank you this is a wonderful post and all need to read it and take it to heart.

  2. Wayne Scott says:

    Thank you for this wonderful summary, Linda. Blessings.

  3. Tanya says:

    Thank you so very much for sharing. You always hit it on the right spot at the right time. I’m so blessed to be able to read your blogs. I share as much as I can because it’s always the truth. I want as many to read and be inspired as I am. Keep up the good work! Love & blessings to you!

  4. Bill Harper says:

    It is evident that you have spent a great deal of time studying this subject, Linda. There are some wonderful insights and amazing parallels here that I had not noticed before. Thanks for sharing them. May the LORD bless you and your family this Pentecost, filling your hearts with love, joy and peace in the Holy Spirit.

    • Thank you so much, Bill! I do feel like the Lord gave me some revelation to treasure on this one! Thank YOU very much for reading and for the comments, and peace to you today as well!

  5. Calvin S. Roach says:

    Excellent article, providing illumination and clarity to wonderful subject matter! Thank you for your diligent scholarship, Linda, in making this more understandable and applicable! “Oh how I love Your law! It is my meditation all the day”! (Psalm 119:97)

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